Research patient

Ever since I had my stroke, I have been offering myself as a guinea pig for scientific research. From day 1 I have given blood to analyze and been a test patient for students. In the rehab center I also participated in several research studies. This was quite satisfying as I felt at least someone was gaining some benefits from my disease and situation. It was something I could do, and only stroke patients could do. It made me feel useful. All this research had one theme in common: the effort for the patient was way too much. It took too long, and the researchers somehow hadn’t taken that into account,. Everything longer than 30-60 minutes (depending on the phase of the rehab a patient is in) is too much. Even from 30-60 minutes research time, a patient needs at least a day to recover. Last week I participated in the NEURAS research in the LUMC. I was invited at 9:30. a good time to start. First I had to go through the standard tests, used in rehab, to evaluate the level of the patient. This consisted of a questionnaire and several excercises, where little cubes had to be lifted and glasses of water had to be poored with my bad hand. @neuras3 This took about 30 minutes. Then I was offered a cup of coffee (very important to keep your patients watered and fed), before I had to be strapped into the next research setting. I was connected to a robot and a computer. I had to ”drive” a virtual car while the robot did several things to my arm, in order to detect spasms and reactions of my muscles. I had to drive the car over different roads, and I could feel in the robot the effect of the structure of the road. While driving, I had to collect coins that were scattered over the road. It was a fun game. After that, tasks were added. I had to listen to a voice saying “high” and “low” at both a high and low tone. Sometimes the height of the tone did not correspond with the meaning. It was extremely difficult for me to focus on the auditory task while driving the car and trying to collect coins. In fact, I was not very good at it. Then an added difficulty was introduced. Some of the coins suddenly changed into different symbols, and those had to be avoided. It was at this task that my brain started to melt. I couldn’t do it, so my body decided to skip the ”high-low” task altogether,  in order to leave some brainpower for the other tasks. @neuras2After an hour in total I announced I was  getting tired. This was something I learned from my ergotherapist: at the first sign of tiredness, say something and prepare yourself to stop. People listened to what I was saying but wanted to finish this part of the research. I could relate to that, so I pushed myself to continue, in order to finish most of the research that was planned. After 1,5 hour I was getting exhausted. I announced that I needed to stop very soon, as I was almost collapsing on the spot. The researchers tried to motivate me to continue. What if I took a lunchbreak and continued afterwards? I told them I would be happy to  return another day, but I could not continue that day. This caused some commotion on the researchers side, but we agreed to continue two weeks later. When I came home, I went straight to bed, slept for 3 hours, and had dinner. After dinner I fell asleep and slept until the next morning. The second day I stayed in bed while sleeping on and off. I just didn’t have the energy to walk. Today is the third day. I am out of bed, and will go to fitness in the afternoon. My husband stressed that I should make this known to anybody in research working with CVA patients (and maybe this applies to other neurological diseases as well). Everything that takes more than 1 hour is too long for a CVA patient. And even an hour may be too long, depending on the task ahead and the phase of recovery a patient is in. Researchers and professors, please take this into account when designing research. Go and visit a rehab center. Interview patients, nurses and therapists. They can enlighten you about the timespan you can use to conduct research.

GAP, GMP and TLO

klembord
During my time in the world of Biotech, I got acquainted with GMP (Good Manufacturing Practices). These practices consisted of procedures that, if followed precisely, would ensure minimal mistakes and optimal work efficiency. Mistakes in these procedures could cost millions of dollars — or worse, human lives.
One of GMP’s principles was a “Single Point of Entry.” Basically, this meant that all data would be collected only once at the outset, then forwarded to all the parties who would need it.
The most optimum means to effectuate this concept in a hospital setting would be for the patient to enter his or her personal information (name, address, insurance, etc) into the system, then the administration officer or nurse would verify its veracity by comparison with a passport and insurance card. The system itself would be programmed to automatically pass the information on to all doctors, nurses, and other personnel that had need of it.
In the Emergency room the staff seemed to take the opposite of GMP’s approach. My husband had to give my information to the doctor; then, later, he had to re-give it to a nurse. Once we entered the Medium-Care unit at the Neurology ward, my husband was once again asked to provide my date “just to be safe.” I must admit that their lack of communication did not make me feel safe; on the contrary, it made me feel worried.
When I was moved to the regular ward in Neurology, I noticed a large blue binder with my name on it attached to my bed. I wouldn’t be me if I didn’t check its contents. To my astonishment, I saw the staff had a completely different General Practitioner listed as my doctor. The listed doctor’s name wasn’t even close to my GP’s name, nor did he live in the same area of town as me.
This sparked an intense desire to have multiple questions answered, and I wanted those questions answered NOW. Who was getting the information of my whereabouts? Was my medical information and status being forwarded to the proper people? The secretary was not in the building, and none of the nurses I talked to were very helpful.
In Holland there was a lot of hassle about the security of electronic medical data being breached and made available to the public. There was more emphasis on people’s privacy than on accuracy and efficiency. I appreciate the fact that my doctors worry about my digital privacy; however, I would appreciate more the administrative security of The Large Organization (TLO) making sure that these simple mistakes did not occur.

My husband called our GP, and she wasn’t even aware of my current situation. It took over three weeks before she got a perfunctory letter with no informative value letting her know I had been in the hospital with a CVA and was now in a rehab center. In the city of The Hague, 20 km from my hometown, the GPs are informed within a day by email when something happens to one of their patients.
From that moment on I made sure to check everything that was written about me both on paper and in the computer.
To be continued!